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HomeInvestmentsPrologis Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

Prologis Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Results

Fourth consecutive year of double-digit earnings growth; expects strong 2024

SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 17, 2024 /PRNewswire/ — Prologis, Inc. (NYSE: PLD), the global leader in logistics real estate, today reported fourth quarter results for 2023. 

Net earnings per diluted share was $0.68 for the fourth quarter of 2023 compared with $0.63 for the fourth quarter of 2022. Net earnings per diluted share for the year ended December 31, 2023 was $3.29, compared with $4.25 for the prior year.

Core funds from operations (Core FFO)* per diluted share was $1.26 for the fourth quarter of 2023, compared with $1.24 for the same period in 2022. Core FFO, excluding Net Promote Income (Expense)* per diluted share for the fourth quarter of 2023 was $1.29 compared with $1.23 for the fourth quarter of 2022. For the full year 2023, Core FFO per diluted share was $5.61 compared with $5.16 for the same period in 2022. Core FFO, excluding Net Promote Income (Expense)* per diluted share for the full year 2023 was $5.10 compared with $4.61 for the full year of 2022.  

“We closed 2023 adding another year of exceptional performance. I couldn’t be more proud of our team,” said Hamid R. Moghadam, co-founder and CEO, Prologis. “While uncertainties remain in the economic and geopolitical environment, we are positive about the outlook for 2024. We remain focused on executing the strategy outlined at our recent Investor Forum to drive significant value from our global scale and continue to be a best-in-class partner to our customers.”

OPERATING PERFORMANCE  

Owned & Managed

4Q23

Notes

Average Occupancy          

97.1 %


Leases Commenced                                                

43.7MSF

36.8MSF operating portfolio and 6.9MSF development portfolio

Retention

73.1 %



Prologis Share

4Q23

Notes

Cash Same Store NOI*

8.5 %


Net Effective Rent Change                                              

74.1 %

Lower due to geographic mix

Cash Rent Change

51.8 %


DEPLOYMENT ACTIVITY

Prologis Share

4Q23

FY 2023

Acquisitions

$495M

$733M

     Weighted avg stabilized cap rate (excluding other real estate)

5.6 %

5.4 %

Development Stabilizations

$1,227M

$3,151M

     Estimated weighted avg yield

6.2 %

6.3 %

     Estimated weighted avg margin

22.5 %

29.1 %

     Estimated value creation

$276M

$917M

     % Build-to-suit

54.9 %

44.1 %

Development Starts

$2,042M

$3,397M

     Estimated weighted avg yield

6.9 %

7.0 %

     Estimated weighted avg margin

26.5 %

27.4 %

     Estimated value creation

$541M

$931M

     % Build-to-suit

48.6 %

53.0 %

Total Dispositions and Contributions

$507M

$1,608M

Weighted avg stabilized cap rate (excluding land and other real estate)                                                             

4.7 %

4.5 %

BALANCE SHEET STRENGTH & LIQUIDITY
“We had another strong year of earnings with annual growth in Core FFO of nearly 11%, excluding promotes.  Since our merger 12 years ago, the earnings and dividend growth CAGRs have been approximately 10%, while reducing leverage by over 30 percentage points,” said Timothy D. Arndt, chief financial officer, Prologis. “We are very well-positioned to drive continued superior growth. The strength of our global portfolio, differentiated customer offerings, and significant balance sheet capacity bring a high degree of resiliency to our long-term growth profile.”

During the fourth quarter, Prologis and its co-investment ventures issued an aggregate of $286 million of debt at a weighted average interest rate of 2.0%, and a weighted average term of 4.0 years. For the full year, Prologis and its co-investment ventures issued $12.3 billion of debt at a weighted average interest rate of 4.5% and a weighted average term of 9.6 years.

At December 31, 2023, debt as a percentage of total market capitalization was 20.5%, and the company’s weighted average interest rate on its share of total debt was 3.0%, with a weighted average term of 9.1 years and no significant debt maturities until 2026.

FOREIGN CURRENCY STRATEGY
Prologis hedges its exposure to foreign currency fluctuations by borrowing in the currencies in which it invests and using derivative financial instruments. At December 31, 2023, 96% of Prologis’ equity was in USD and forecasted earnings for 2024, 2025 and 2026 are 98%, 98% and 97%, respectively, in USD or hedged through derivative contracts.

2024 GUIDANCE 
Prologis’ guidance for net earnings is included in the table below as well as guidance for Core FFO*, which are reconciled in our supplemental information.

“At the midpoint, we project Core FFO growth, excluding promotes, of over 9.0%, and Cash Same Store NOI growth to be 8.5%, reflecting the strength of our premier portfolio and its considerable lease mark-to-market.” Arndt added, “We are confident in our ability to outperform in any future environment given our embedded rent upside, development-ready land bank and significant liquidity.”

2024 GUIDANCE
Earnings (per diluted share)                                                 

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$3.20 to $3.45

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$5.42 to $5.56

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders, excluding Net Promote Income (Expense)*

$5.50 to $5.64


Operations – Prologis Share

Average occupancy

96.50% to 97.50%

Cash Same Store NOI*

8.00% to 9.00%


Strategic Capital (in millions)                                                       

 Strategic Capital revenue, excluding promote revenue

$530 to $550

Net Promote Income (Expense)1

$(80)


G&A (in millions)

General & administrative expenses

$420 to $440


Capital Deployment – Prologis Share (in millions)     

Development stabilizations

$3,600 to $4,000

Development starts

$3,000 to $3,500

Acquisitions

$500 to $1,000

Contributions

$1,750 to $2,250

Dispositions

$800 to $1,200

Net sources/(uses)       

$(950) to $(1,050)

Realized development gains

$300 to $400


1. We are further adjusting Core FFO to exclude $0.08 of net promote expense. The expense relates to amortization of stock compensation issued to employees related to promote income recognized in prior periods.

* This is a non-GAAP financial measure. See the Notes and Definitions in our supplemental information for further explanation and a reconciliation to the most directly comparable GAAP measure.

The earnings guidance described above includes potential gains recognized from real estate transactions but excludes any future or potential foreign currency or derivative gains or losses as our guidance assumes constant foreign currency rates. In reconciling from net earnings to Core FFO*, Prologis makes certain adjustments, including but not limited to real estate depreciation and amortization expense, gains (losses) recognized from real estate transactions and early extinguishment of debt, impairment charges, deferred taxes and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency or derivative activity. The difference between the company’s Core FFO* and net earnings guidance relates predominantly to these items. Please refer to our quarterly Supplemental Information, which is available on our Investor Relations website at https://ir.prologis.com and on the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov for a definition of Core FFO* and other non-GAAP measures used by Prologis, along with reconciliations of these items to the closest GAAP measure for our results and guidance.

JANUARY 17, 2024, CALL DETAILS 
The call will take place on Wednesday, January 17, 2024, at 9:00 a.m. PT/12:00 p.m. ET. To access a live broadcast of the call, please dial +1 (877) 897-2615 (toll-free from the United States and Canada) or +1 (201) 689-8514 (from all other countries). A live webcast can be accessed from the Investor Relations section of www.prologis.com.

A telephonic replay will be available January 17January 31 at +1 (877) 660-6853 (from the United States and Canada) or +1 (201) 612-7415 (from all other countries) using access code 13743461. The webcast replay will be posted in the Investor Relations section of www.prologis.com under “Events & Presentations.”

ABOUT PROLOGIS
Prologis, Inc. is the global leader in logistics real estate with a focus on high-barrier, high-growth markets. At December 31, 2023, the company owned or had investments in, on a wholly owned basis or through co-investment ventures, properties and development projects expected to total approximately 1.2 billion square feet (115 million square meters) in 19 countries. Prologis leases modern logistics facilities to a diverse base of approximately 6,700 customers principally across two major categories: business-to-business and retail/online fulfillment.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
The statements in this document that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements are based on current expectations, estimates and projections about the industry and markets in which we operate as well as management’s beliefs and assumptions. Such statements involve uncertainties that could significantly impact our financial results. Words such as “expects” “anticipates,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” and “estimates” including variations of such words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements, which generally are not historical in nature. All statements that address operating performance, events or developments that we expect or anticipate will occur in the future—including statements relating to rent and occupancy growth, acquisition and development activity, contribution and disposition activity, general conditions in the geographic areas where we operate, our debt, capital structure and financial position, our ability to earn revenues from co-investment ventures, form new co-investment ventures and the availability of capital in existing or new co-investment ventures—are forward-looking statements. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions that are difficult to predict. Although we believe the expectations reflected in any forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, we can give no assurance that our expectations will be attained and, therefore, actual outcomes and results may differ materially from what is expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. Some of the factors that may affect outcomes and results include, but are not limited to: (i) international, national, regional and local economic and political climates and conditions; (ii) changes in global financial markets, interest rates and foreign currency exchange rates; (iii) increased or unanticipated competition for our properties; (iv) risks associated with acquisitions, dispositions and development of properties, including the integration of the operations of significant real estate portfolios; (v) maintenance of Real Estate Investment Trust status, tax structuring and changes in income tax laws and rates; (vi) availability of financing and capital, the levels of debt that we maintain and our credit ratings; (vii) risks related to our investments in our co-investment ventures, including our ability to establish new co-investment ventures; (viii) risks of doing business internationally, including currency risks; (ix) environmental uncertainties, including risks of natural disasters; (x) risks related to global pandemics; and (xi) those additional factors discussed in reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission by us under the heading “Risk Factors.” We undertake no duty to update any forward-looking statements appearing in this document except as may be required by law.










dollars in millions, except per share/unit data

Three Months Ended December 31,


Twelve Months Ended December 31,





2023

2022


2023

2022

Rental and other revenues

$                         1,759

$                         1,597


$                         6,823

$                         4,934

Strategic capital revenues

130

155


1,200

1,040


Total revenues

1,889

1,752


8,023

5,974

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

629

586


3,053

3,359

Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1,202

1,178


5,334

4,188

AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1,034

1,070


4,711

4,056

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1,724

1,631


7,048

5,587

Estimated value creation from development stabilizations – Prologis Share

276

380


917

1,583

Common stock dividends and common limited partnership unit distributions

830

751


3,315

2,565










Per common share – diluted:







Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$                        0.68

$                        0.63


$                        3.29

$                        4.25


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1.26

1.24


5.61

5.16


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders, excluding Net Promote Income (Expense)*               

1.29

1.23


5.10

4.61


Business line reporting:








Real estate operations* 

1.23

1.16


4.84

4.20



Strategic capital* 

0.03

0.08


0.77

0.96



Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

1.26

1.24


5.61

5.16



Realized development gains, net of taxes*

0.18

0.21


0.44

0.70

Dividends and distributions per common share/unit

0.87

0.79


3.48

3.16










*This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation.





in thousands

December 31, 2023


September 30, 2023


December 31, 2022

Assets:







Investments in real estate properties:








Operating properties

$                                  75,435,497


$                                  73,866,759


$                                  69,038,795



Development portfolio

4,367,455


4,420,246


4,212,154



Land

3,775,553


3,730,346


3,338,121



Other real estate investments

5,088,070


5,004,234


5,034,326






88,666,575


87,021,585


81,623,396



Less accumulated depreciation

10,931,485


10,439,374


9,036,085





Net investments in real estate properties

77,735,090


76,582,211


72,587,311


Investments in and advances to unconsolidated entities                                                                        

9,543,970


9,091,824


9,698,898


Assets held for sale or contribution

461,657


797,758


531,257





Net investments in real estate

87,740,717


86,471,793


82,817,466












Cash and cash equivalents

530,388


740,841


278,483


Other assets

4,749,735


4,736,775


4,801,499





Total assets

$                                  93,020,840


$                                  91,949,409


$                                  87,897,448











Liabilities and Equity:







Liabilities:








Debt 

$                                  29,000,501


$                                  27,578,197


$                                  23,875,961



Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities

6,196,619


6,110,350


6,158,394





Total liabilities

35,197,120


33,688,547


30,034,355












Equity:








Stockholders’ equity

53,181,724


53,635,831


53,237,282



Noncontrolling interests

3,324,275


3,298,296


3,317,767



Noncontrolling interests – limited partnership unitholders

1,317,721


1,326,735


1,308,044





Total equity

57,823,720


58,260,862


57,863,093















Total liabilities and equity

$                                  93,020,840


$                                  91,949,409


$                                  87,897,448


Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended





December 31,


December 31,

in thousands, except per share amounts

2023

2022


2023

2022

Revenues:







Rental

$                   1,755,959

$                 1,591,012


$                    6,818,542

$                    4,913,171


Strategic capital 

129,648

154,669


1,200,232

1,039,585


Development management and other 

3,640

5,911


4,695

20,936



 Total revenues 

1,889,247

1,751,592


8,023,469

5,973,692

Expenses:







Rental 

408,225

374,892


1,624,793

1,205,738


Strategic capital 

78,858

63,938


385,542

303,356


General and administrative 

98,309

85,420


390,406

331,083


Depreciation and amortization

638,346

612,367


2,484,891

1,812,777


Other

21,668

12,122


53,354

40,336



Total expenses

1,245,406

1,148,739


4,938,986

3,693,290










Operating income before gains on real estate transactions, net

$                     643,841

$                    602,853


$                   3,084,483

$                    2,280,402


Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

188,363

207,059


462,270

597,745


Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net (excluding development properties and land)

2,647

3,537


161,039

589,391

Operating income

$                     834,851

$                    813,449


$                   3,707,792

$                    3,467,538

Other income (expense):







Earnings from unconsolidated entities, net

89,441

69,391


307,227

310,872


Interest expense

(174,450)

(120,796)


(641,332)

(309,037)


Foreign currency, derivative and other gains (losses) and other income (expense), net

(15,461)

(123,002)


87,221

241,621


Gains (losses) on early extinguishment of debt, net

(1,289)


3,275

(20,184)



Total other income (expense)

(100,470)

(175,696)


(243,609)

223,272










Earnings before income taxes

734,381

637,753


3,464,183

3,690,810


Current income tax expense

(50,625)

(28,763)


(193,330)

(122,774)


Deferred income tax expense

(7,872)

11,076


(17,708)

(12,638)

Consolidated net earnings

675,884

620,066


3,253,145

3,555,398

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests

(28,824)

(19,354)


(116,657)

(98,611)

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests – limited partnership units

(16,124)

(13,498)


(77,274)

(91,931)

Net earnings attributable to controlling interests

630,936

587,214


3,059,214

3,364,856

Preferred stock dividends

(1,460)

(1,460)


(5,841)

(6,060)

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders 

$                     629,476

$                    585,754


$                   3,053,373

$                    3,358,796

Weighted average common shares outstanding – Diluted

952,399

946,953


951,791

811,608

Net earnings per share attributable to common stockholders – Diluted

$                           0.68

$                          0.63


$                            3.29

$                             4.25



Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended






December 31, 


December 31, 


in thousands

2023

2022


2023

2022


Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$               629,476

$               585,754


$            3,053,373

$            3,358,796


Add (deduct) NAREIT defined adjustments:








Real estate related depreciation and amortization

622,829

599,949


2,433,610

1,763,214



Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net of taxes (excluding development properties and land)           

(2,232)

(3,537)


(157,940)

(595,033)



Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(14,006)

(16,505)


(38,246)

(12,692)



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

98,839

95,502


400,383

320,422



Our share of reconciling items related to other unconsolidated ventures

14,125

26,284


54,972

42,616


NAREIT defined FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$            1,349,031

$            1,287,447


$            5,746,152

$            4,877,323












Add (deduct) FFO defined adjustments:








Unrealized foreign currency, derivative and other losses (gains), net

43,646

146,044


17,619

(85,437)



Deferred income tax expense (benefit)

7,872

(11,076)


17,708

12,638



Current income tax expense on dispositions related to acquired tax liabilities

(11,003)

(21,300)


(11,003)

(21,228)



Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

403


403



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

(5,129)

(27,464)


(11,224)

(41,508)


FFO, as modified by Prologis attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$            1,384,820

$            1,373,651


$            5,759,655

$            4,741,788












Add (deduct) Core FFO defined adjustments:








Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

(188,363)

(207,059)


(462,270)

(597,745)



Current income tax expense on dispositions

12,515

11,331


36,125

18,378



Losses (gains) on early extinguishment of debt, net

1,289


(3,275)

20,184



Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

4


9,359

4,488



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated co-investment ventures

123

240


1,903

1,466



Our share of reconciling items related to other unconsolidated ventures

(7,247)

(1,698)


(7,247)

(1,043)


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$            1,201,848

$            1,177,758


$            5,334,250

$            4,187,516












Add (deduct) AFFO defined adjustments:








Gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net

188,363

207,059


462,270

597,745



Current income tax expense on dispositions

(12,515)

(11,331)


(36,125)

(18,378)



Straight-lined rents and amortization of lease intangibles

(147,558)

(163,470)


(625,356)

(275,398)



Property improvements

(146,522)

(93,795)


(303,042)

(211,358)



Turnover costs

(117,803)

(77,057)


(388,814)

(339,234)



Amortization of debt premium, financing costs and management contracts, net

19,382

17,337


76,294

26,190



Stock compensation amortization expense

57,626

35,334


267,648

175,356



Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

24,468

12,053


48,049

45,655



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated entities

(33,746)

(34,267)


(124,544)

(131,715)


AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$            1,033,543

$            1,069,621


$            4,710,630

$            4,056,379












*This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation.







Three Months Ended


Twelve Months Ended





December 31,


December 31,

in thousands

2023

2022


2023

2022

Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$                629,476

$               585,754


$             3,053,373

$            3,358,796



Gains on other dispositions of investments in real estate, net (excluding development properties and land)                      

(2,647)

(3,537)


(161,039)

(589,391)



Depreciation and amortization expense

638,346

612,367


2,484,891

1,812,777



Interest charges

164,239

120,796


599,283

309,037



Current and deferred income tax expense, net

58,497

17,687


211,038

135,412



Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests – limited partnership units

16,124

13,498


77,274

91,931



Pro forma adjustments

6,498

(1,601)


39,904

6,941



Preferred stock dividends

1,460

1,460


5,841

6,060



Unrealized foreign currency, derivative and other losses (gains), net

43,646

146,044


17,619

(85,437)



Stock compensation amortization expense

57,626

35,334


267,648

175,356



Losses (gains) on early extinguishment of debt, net

1,289


(3,275)

20,184



Reconciling items related to noncontrolling interests

(30,020)

(30,714)


(118,534)

(107,459)



Our share of reconciling items related to unconsolidated entities

140,806

132,645


574,310

453,121

Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders*

$            1,724,051

$            1,631,022


$            7,048,333

$            5,587,328












*This is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see our Notes and Definitions for further explanation.






Adjusted EBITDA. We use Adjusted EBITDA attributable to common stockholders/unitholders (“Adjusted EBITDA”), a non-GAAP financial measure, as a measure of our operating performance. The most directly comparable GAAP measure to Adjusted EBITDA is net earnings.

We calculate Adjusted EBITDA by beginning with consolidated net earnings attributable to common stockholders and removing the effect of: interest charges, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, gains or losses from the disposition of investments in real estate (excluding development properties and land), gains from the revaluation of equity investments upon acquisition of a controlling interest, gains or losses on early extinguishment of debt and derivative contracts (including cash charges), similar adjustments we make to our FFO measures (see definition below), and other items, such as, amortization of stock based compensation and unrealized gains or losses on foreign currency and derivatives. We also include a pro forma adjustment to reflect a full period of NOI on the operating properties we acquire or stabilize during the quarter and to remove NOI on properties we dispose of during the quarter, assuming all transactions occurred at the beginning of the quarter. The pro forma adjustment also includes economic ownership changes in our ventures to reflect the full quarter at the new ownership percentage.

We believe Adjusted EBITDA provides investors relevant and useful information because it permits investors to view our operating performance, analyze our ability to meet interest payment obligations and make quarterly preferred stock dividends on an unleveraged basis before the effects of income tax, depreciation and amortization expense, gains and losses on the disposition of non-development properties and other items (outlined above), that affect comparability. While all items are not infrequent or unusual in nature, these items may result from market fluctuations that can have inconsistent effects on our results of operations. The economics underlying these items reflect market and financing conditions in the short-term but can obscure our performance and the value of our long-term investment decisions and strategies.

We calculate our Adjusted EBITDA, based on our proportionate ownership share of both our unconsolidated and consolidated ventures.  We reflect our share of our Adjusted EBITDA measures for unconsolidated ventures by applying our average ownership percentage for the period to the applicable reconciling items on an entity by entity basis.  We reflect our share for consolidated ventures in which we do not own 100% of the equity by adjusting our Adjusted EBITDA measures to remove the noncontrolling interests share of the applicable reconciling items based on our average ownership percentage for the applicable periods.

While we believe Adjusted EBITDA is an important measure, it should not be used alone because it excludes significant components of net earnings, such as our historical cash expenditures or future cash requirements for working capital, capital expenditures, distribution requirements, contractual commitments or interest and principal payments on our outstanding debt and is therefore limited as an analytical tool.

Our computation of Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to EBITDA reported by other companies in both the real estate industry and other industries. We compensate for the limitations of Adjusted EBITDA by providing investors with financial statements prepared according to GAAP, along with this detailed discussion of Adjusted EBITDA and a reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA from consolidated net earnings attributable to common stockholders.

Business Line Reporting is a non-GAAP financial measure. Core FFO and development gains are generated by our three lines of business: (i) real estate operations; (ii) strategic capital; and (iii) development.  The real estate operations line of business represents total Prologis Core FFO, less the amount allocated to the strategic capital line of business.  The amount of Core FFO allocated to the strategic capital line of business represents the third-party share of asset management fees and transactional fees that we earn from our consolidated and unconsolidated co-investment ventures less costs directly associated with our strategic capital group and Net Promote Income (Expense). Realized development gains include our share of gains on dispositions of development properties and land, net of taxes. To calculate the per share amount, the amount generated by each line of business is divided by the weighted average diluted common shares outstanding used in our Core FFO per share calculation. Management believes evaluating our results by line of business is a useful supplemental measure of our operating performance because it helps the investing public compare the operating performance of Prologis’ respective businesses to other companies’ comparable businesses. Prologis’ computation of FFO by line of business may not be comparable to that reported by other real estate companies as they may use different methodologies in computing such measures.

Calculation of Per Share Amounts


Three Months Ended



Twelve Months Ended



Dec. 31,



Dec. 31,


in thousands, except per share amount


2023



2022




2023



2022


Net earnings














Net earnings attributable to common stockholders

$

629,476


$

585,754



$

3,053,373


$

3,358,796


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable limited

 partnership units


16,191



13,586




77,806



92,236


Adjusted net earnings attributable to common stockholders – Diluted                                               

$

645,667


$

599,340



$

3,131,179


$

3,451,032


Weighted average common shares outstanding – Basic


924,605



919,467




924,351



785,675


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of

 limited partnership units


23,687



23,363




23,693



21,803


Incremental weighted average effect of equity awards


4,107



4,123




3,747



4,130


Weighted average common shares outstanding – Diluted


952,399



946,953




951,791



811,608


Net earnings per share – Basic

$

0.68


$

0.64



$

3.30


$

4.28


Net earnings per share – Diluted

$

0.68


$

0.63



$

3.29


$

4.25



Three Months Ended





Twelve Months Ended



Dec. 31,





Dec. 31,


in thousands, except per share amount


2023



2022






2023



2022


Core FFO
















Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders

$

1,201,848


$

1,177,758





$

5,334,250


$

4,187,516


Noncontrolling interest attributable to exchangeable limited

 partnership units


271



189






862



506


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders /unitholders – Diluted

$

1,202,119


$

1,177,947





$

5,335,112


$

4,188,022


Net Promote Income (Expense)


(26,401)



14,766






478,944



445,169


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders /unitholders, excluding Net Promote
Income (Expense) – Diluted   

$

1,228,520


$

1,163,181





$

4,856,168


$

3,742,853


Weighted average common shares outstanding – Basic


924,605



919,467






924,351



785,675


Incremental weighted average effect on exchange of

 limited partnership units


23,846



23,363






23,693



21,803


Incremental weighted average effect of equity awards


4,107



4,123






3,747



4,130


Weighted average common shares outstanding – Diluted


952,558



946,953






951,791



811,608


Core FFO per share – Diluted

$

1.26


$

1.24





$

5.61


$

5.16


Core FFO per share, excluding Net Promote Income (Expense)- Diluted

$

1.29


$

1.23





$

5.10


$

4.61


Development Portfolio includes industrial and non-industrial properties, yards and parking lots that are under development and properties that are developed but have not met Stabilization. At December 31, 2023, total TEI for yards, parking lots and non-industrial assets was $1.3 billion both on an Owned and Managed and Prologis Share basis. We do not disclose square footage for yards and parking lots. 

Estimated Build Out (TEI and sq ft) represents the estimated TEI and finished square feet available for lease upon completion of an industrial building on existing parcels of land.

Estimated Value Creation represents the value that we expect to create through our development and leasing activities. We calculate Estimated Value Creation by estimating the Stabilized NOI that the property will generate and applying a stabilized capitalization rate applicable to that property. Estimated Value Creation is calculated as the amount by which the value exceeds our TEI, including closing costs and taxes, if any, and does not include any fees or promotes we may earn.

Estimated Weighted Average Margin is calculated on development properties as Estimated Value Creation, less estimated closing costs and taxes, if any, on properties expected to be sold or contributed, divided by TEI.

Estimated Weighted Average Stabilized Yield is calculated on the properties in the Development Portfolio as Stabilized NOI divided by TEI. The yields on a Prologis Share basis were as follows:


Pre-Stabilized

Developments


2024 Expected Completion


2025 and Thereafter Expected
Completion


Total Development Portfolio


U.S.


6.3

%


6.4

%


7.4

%


6.7

%

Other Americas


8.3

%


8.1

%


7.9

%


8.1

%

Europe


5.4

%


6.2

%


6.1

%


5.8

%

Asia


5.3

%


5.5

%


5.1

%


5.2

%

Total


6.0

%


6.6

%


6.9

%


6.5

%

FFO, as modified by Prologis attributable to common stockholders/unitholders (“FFO, as modified by Prologis”); Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders (“Core FFO”); AFFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders (“AFFO”); (collectively referred to as “FFO”). FFO is a non-GAAP financial measure that is commonly used in the real estate industry. The most directly comparable GAAP measure to FFO is net earnings.

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”) defines FFO as earnings computed under GAAP to exclude historical cost depreciation and gains and losses from sales net of any related tax, along with impairment charges, of previously depreciated properties. We also exclude the gains on revaluation of equity investments upon acquisition of a controlling interest and the gain recognized from a partial sale of our investment, as these are similar to gains from the sales of previously depreciated properties. We exclude similar adjustments from our unconsolidated entities and the third parties’ share of our consolidated co-investment ventures.

Our FFO Measures

Our FFO measures begin with NAREIT’s definition and we make certain adjustments to reflect our business and the way that management plans and executes our business strategy.  While not infrequent or unusual, the additional items we adjust for in calculating FFO, as modified by Prologis, Core FFO and AFFO, as defined below, are subject to significant fluctuations from period to period. Although these items may have a material impact on our operations and are reflected in our financial statements, the removal of the effects of these items allows us to better understand the core operating performance of our properties over the long term.  These items have both positive and negative short-term effects on our results of operations in inconsistent and unpredictable directions that are not relevant to our long-term outlook.

We calculate our FFO measures, as defined below, based on our proportionate ownership share of both our unconsolidated and consolidated ventures.  We reflect our share of our FFO measures for unconsolidated ventures by applying our average ownership percentage for the period to the applicable reconciling items on an entity by entity basis.  We reflect our share for consolidated ventures in which we do not own 100% of the equity by adjusting our FFO measures to remove the noncontrolling interests share of the applicable reconciling items based on our average ownership percentage for the applicable periods.

These FFO measures are used by management as supplemental financial measures of operating performance and we believe that it is important that stockholders, potential investors and financial analysts understand the measures management uses. We do not use our FFO measures as, nor should they be considered to be, alternatives to net earnings computed under GAAP, as indicators of our operating performance, as alternatives to cash from operating activities computed under GAAP or as indicators of our ability to fund our cash needs.

We analyze our operating performance principally by the rental revenues of our real estate and the revenues from our strategic capital business, net of operating, administrative and financing expenses. This income stream is not directly impacted by fluctuations in the market value of our investments in real estate or debt securities. 

FFO, as modified by Prologis 

To arrive at FFO, as modified by Prologis, we adjust the NAREIT defined FFO measure to exclude the impact of foreign currency related items and deferred tax, specifically:

(i)

deferred income tax benefits and deferred income tax expenses recognized by our subsidiaries;

(ii)

current income tax expense related to acquired tax liabilities that were recorded as deferred tax liabilities in an acquisition, to the extent the expense is offset with a deferred income tax benefit in earnings that is excluded from our defined FFO measure;

(iii)

foreign currency exchange gains and losses resulting from (a) debt transactions between us and our foreign entities, (b) third-party debt that is used to hedge our investment in foreign entities, (c) derivative financial instruments related to any such debt transactions, and (d) mark-to-market adjustments associated with derivative and other financial instruments.

We use FFO, as modified by Prologis, so that management, analysts and investors are able to evaluate our performance against other REITs that do not have similar operations or operations in jurisdictions outside the U.S.

Core FFO 

In addition to FFO, as modified by Prologis, we also use Core FFO. To arrive at Core FFO, we adjust FFO, as modified by Prologis, to exclude the following recurring and nonrecurring items that we recognize directly in FFO, as modified by Prologis:

(i)

gains or losses from the disposition of land and development properties that were developed with the intent to contribute or sell;

(ii)

income tax expense related to the sale of investments in real estate;

(iii)

impairment charges recognized related to our investments in real estate generally as a result of our change in intent to contribute or sell these properties; and

(iv)

gains or losses from the early extinguishment of debt and redemption and repurchase of preferred stock.

We use Core FFO, including by segment and region, to: (i) assess our operating performance as compared to other real estate companies; (ii) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison with expected results and results of previous periods; (iii) evaluate the performance of our management; (iv) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources; (v) provide guidance to the financial markets to understand our expected operating performance; and (vi) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results.

AFFO

To arrive at AFFO, we adjust Core FFO to include realized gains from the disposition of land and development properties, net of current tax expense, and recurring capital expenditures and exclude the following items that we recognize directly in Core FFO:

(i)   

straight-line rents;

(ii)

amortization of above- and below-market lease intangibles;

(iii)

amortization of management contracts;

(iv)

amortization of debt premiums and discounts and financing costs, net of amounts capitalized, and;

(v) 

stock compensation amortization expense.

We use AFFO to (i) assess our operating performance as compared to other real estate companies; (ii) evaluate our performance and the performance of our properties in comparison with expected results and results of previous periods; (iii) evaluate the performance of our management; (iv) budget and forecast future results to assist in the allocation of resources; and (v) evaluate how a specific potential investment will impact our future results.

Limitations on the use of our FFO measures

While we believe our modified FFO measures are important supplemental measures, neither NAREIT’s nor our measures of FFO should be used alone because they exclude significant economic components of net earnings computed under GAAP and are, therefore, limited as an analytical tool. Accordingly, these are only a few of the many measures we use when analyzing our business.  Some of the limitations are:

  • The current income tax expenses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures represent the taxes that are payable.
  • Depreciation and amortization of real estate assets are economic costs that are excluded from FFO. FFO is limited, as it does not reflect the cash requirements that may be necessary for future replacements of the real estate assets. Furthermore, the amortization of capital expenditures and leasing costs necessary to maintain the operating performance of logistics facilities are not reflected in FFO.
  • Gains or losses from property dispositions and impairment charges related to expected dispositions represent changes in value of the properties. By excluding these gains and losses, FFO does not capture realized changes in the value of disposed properties arising from changes in market conditions.
  • The deferred income tax benefits and expenses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures result from the creation of a deferred income tax asset or liability that may have to be settled at some future point. Our modified FFO measures do not currently reflect any income or expense that may result from such settlement.
  • The foreign currency exchange gains and losses that are excluded from our modified FFO measures are generally recognized based on movements in foreign currency exchange rates through a specific point in time. The ultimate settlement of our foreign currency-denominated net assets is indefinite as to timing and amount. Our FFO measures are limited in that they do not reflect the current period changes in these net assets that result from periodic foreign currency exchange rate movements.
  • The gains and losses on extinguishment of debt or preferred stock that we exclude from our Core FFO, may provide a benefit or cost to us as we may be settling our obligation at less or more than our future obligation.

We compensate for these limitations by using our FFO measures only in conjunction with net earnings computed under GAAP when making our decisions. This information should be read with our complete Consolidated Financial Statements prepared under GAAP. To assist investors in compensating for these limitations, we reconcile our modified FFO measures to our net earnings computed under GAAP.

Guidance. The following is a reconciliation of our annual guided Net Earnings per share to our guided Core FFO per share:


Low


High


Net earnings attributable to common stockholders (a)

$

3.20


$

3.45


Our share of:







Depreciation and amortization


2.92



2.96


Net gains on real estate transactions, net of taxes


(0.70)



(0.85)


Unrealized foreign currency losses (gains), losses (gains) on early extinguishment of debt and other, net


0.00



0.00


Core FFO attributable to common stockholders/unitholders

$

5.42


$

5.56


(a)

Earnings guidance includes potential future gains recognized from real estate transactions, but excludes future foreign currency or derivative gains or losses as these items are difficult to predict.

Market Capitalization equals Market Equity, less liquidation preference of the preferred shares/units, plus our share of total debt.

Market Equity equals outstanding shares of common stock and units multiplied by the closing stock price plus the liquidation preference of the preferred shares/units.

Net Promote Income (Expense)  is promote revenue earned from third-party investors during the period, net of related cash and stock compensation expenses, and taxes and foreign currency derivative gains and losses, if applicable.

Operating Portfolio represents industrial properties in our Owned and Managed portfolio that have reached Stabilization. Assets held for sale, Non-Strategic Assets and non-industrial assets are excluded from the portfolio. Prologis Share of NOI excludes termination fees and adjustments and includes NOI for the properties contributed to or acquired from co-investment ventures at our actual share prior to and subsequent to change in ownership.

Owned and Managed represents the consolidated properties as well as properties owned by our unconsolidated co-investment ventures, which we manage.

Prologis Share represents our proportionate economic ownership of each entity, or property included in our total Owned and Managed portfolio, whether consolidated or unconsolidated.

Rent Change (Cash) represents the percentage change in starting rental rates per the lease agreement, on new and renewed leases, commenced during the period compared with the previous ending rental rates in that same space. This measure excludes any short-term leases of less than one-year, holdover payments, free rent periods and introductory (teaser rates) defined as 50% or less of the stabilized rate.

Rent Change (Net Effective) represents the percentage change in net effective rental rates (average rate over the lease term), on new and renewed leases, commenced during the period compared with the previous net effective rental rates in that same space. This measure excludes any short-term leases of less than one year and holdover payments.

Retention is the square footage of all leases commenced during the period that are rented by existing tenants divided by the square footage of all expiring and in-place leases during the reporting period. The square footage of tenants that default or buy-out prior to expiration of their lease and short-term leases of less than one year, are not included in the calculation.

Same Store. Our same store metrics are non-GAAP financial measures, which are commonly used in the real estate industry and expected from the financial community, on both a net effective and cash basis. We evaluate the performance of the operating properties we own and manage using a “same store” analysis because the population of properties in this analysis is consistent from period to period, which allows us and investors to analyze our ongoing business operations. We determine our same store metrics on property NOI, which is calculated as rental revenue less rental expense for the applicable properties in the same store population for both consolidated and unconsolidated properties based on our ownership interest, as further defined below.

We define our same store population for the three months ended December 31, 2023 as the properties in our Owned and Managed Operating Portfolio, including the property NOI for both consolidated properties and properties owned by the unconsolidated co-investment ventures at January 1, 2022 and owned throughout the same three-month period in both 2022 and 2023.

We believe the drivers of property NOI for the consolidated portfolio are generally the same for the properties owned by the ventures in which we invest and therefore we evaluate the same store metrics of the Owned and Managed portfolio based on Prologis’ ownership in the properties (“Prologis Share”).

The same store population excludes properties held for sale to third parties, along with development properties that were not stabilized at the beginning of the period (January 1, 2022) and properties acquired or disposed of to third parties during the period. To derive an appropriate measure of period-to-period operating performance, we remove the effects of foreign currency exchange rate movements by using the reported period-end exchange rate to translate from local currency into the U.S. dollar, for both periods.

As non-GAAP financial measures, the same store metrics have certain limitations as an analytical tool and may vary among real estate companies. As a result, we provide a reconciliation of Rental Revenues less Rental Expenses (“Property NOI”) (from our Consolidated Financial Statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP) to our Same Store Property NOI measures, as follows:


Three Months Ended




Dec. 31,


dollars in thousands

2023


2022


Change (%)


Reconciliation of Consolidated Property NOI to Same Store Property NOI measures:










Rental revenues

$

1,755,959


$

1,591,012





Rental expenses


(408,225)



(374,892)





Consolidated Property NOI

$

1,347,734


$

1,216,120





Adjustments to derive same store results:











Property NOI from consolidated properties not included in same

     store portfolio and other adjustments (a)


(500,867)



(432,649)






Property NOI from unconsolidated co-investment ventures included

     in same store portfolio (a)(b)


714,197



671,030






Third parties’ share of Property NOI from properties included in

     same store portfolio (a)(b)


(575,098)



(539,846)





Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI – Net Effective (b)

$

985,966


$

914,655



7.8

%


Consolidated properties straight-line rent and fair value lease

     adjustments included in the same store portfolio (c)


(17,843)



(19,657)






Unconsolidated co-investment ventures straight-line rent and fair

     value lease adjustments included in the same store portfolio (c)


(6,997)



(12,090)






Third parties’ share of straight-line rent and fair value lease

      adjustments included in the same store portfolio (b)(c)


6,375



8,744





Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI – Cash (b)(c)

$

967,501


$

891,652



8.5

%



(a)

We exclude properties held for sale to third parties, along with development properties that were not stabilized at the beginning of the period and properties acquired or disposed of to third parties during the period. We also exclude net termination and renegotiation fees to allow us to evaluate the growth or decline in each property’s rental revenues without regard to one-time items that are not indicative of the property’s recurring operating performance. Net termination and renegotiation fees represent the gross fee negotiated to allow a customer to terminate or renegotiate their lease, offset by the write-off of the asset recorded due to the adjustment to straight-line rents over the lease term. Same Store Property NOI is adjusted to include an allocation of property management expenses for our consolidated properties based on the property management services provided to each property (generally, based on a percentage of revenues). On consolidation, these amounts are eliminated and the actual costs of providing property management and leasing services are recognized as part of our consolidated rental expense.

(b)   

We include the Property NOI for the same store portfolio for both consolidated properties and properties owned by the co-investment ventures based on our investment in the underlying properties. In order to calculate our share of Same Store Property NOI from the co-investment ventures in which we own less than 100%, we use the co-investment ventures’ underlying Property NOI for the same store portfolio and apply our ownership percentage at December 31, 2023 to the Property NOI for both periods, including the properties contributed during the period. We adjust the total Property NOI from the same store portfolio of the co-investment ventures by subtracting the third parties’ share of both consolidated and unconsolidated co-investment ventures.
During the periods presented, certain wholly-owned properties were contributed to a co-investment venture and are included in the same store portfolio. Neither our consolidated results nor those of the co-investment ventures, when viewed individually, would be comparable on a same store basis because of the changes in composition of the respective portfolios from period to period (e.g. the results of a contributed property are included in our consolidated results through the contribution date and in the results of the venture subsequent to the contribution date based on our ownership interest at the end of the period). As a result, only line items labeled “Prologis Share of Same Store Property NOI” are comparable period over period.

(c)

We further remove certain noncash items (straight-line rent and amortization of fair value lease adjustments) included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP to reflect a Same Store Property NOI – Cash measure. 
We manage our business and compensate our executives based on the same store results of our Owned and Managed portfolio at 100% as we manage our portfolio on an ownership blind basis. We calculate those results by including 100% of the properties included in our same store portfolio.

Stabilization is defined as the earlier of when a property that was developed has been completed for one year, is contributed to a co-investment venture following completion or is 90% occupied. Upon Stabilization, a property is moved into our Operating Portfolio.

Weighted Average Interest Rate is based on the effective rate, which includes the amortization of related premiums and discounts and finance costs. 

Weighted Average Stabilized Capitalization (“Cap”) Rate is calculated as Stabilized NOI divided by the Acquisition Price. 

SOURCE Prologis, Inc.

Originally published at https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/prologis-reports-fourth-quarter-and-full-year-2023-results-302036743.html
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